Introduction & Conclusion: The Basics

H o w    t o    W r i t e    a n    I n t r o d u c t i o n    P a r a g r a p h

Give background information. This background can be about the novel in general, about the character you’re writing about, or about something from real life that is somehow related to your essay (3-5 sentences).

State the main ideas of your essay. These
should be similar to your topic
sentences (3-4 sentences).

State your thesis
in a single
sentence.

H o w    t o    W r i t e    a    C o n c l u s i o n    P a r a g r a p h

Restate
your thesis in
a single sentence.

Restate the main ideas
of your essay. Draw connections
between them, showing how they work
together to prove your thesis (3-6 sentences).

Draw conclusions. Expand on the ideas in your essay.
Show your readers why your essay matters by connecting to
larger themes in the novel or in real life. You might choose to mirror
your introduction: if you summarized the beginning of the novel, now summarize the end (in a way relevant to your paper, of course). If you described a character at the beginning of the novel, now describe the character at the end. If you began your essay by connecting to the world, connect back to the world in your conclusion paragraph (3-6 sentences).

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